Karukaya is the oldest dated sekkyō shōhon. Published by Jōruriya Kiemon, Karukaya tells the story of the monastic hero Karukaya who sends his son Ishidōmaru away without telling him who he is and first entrusting him with a fake memorial marker that he claims belong to the boy's dead father. Here the narrator reveals his own conflicting emotions, filling out the tale with long and formulaic oaths as well as epiphanies at the sight of birds. The text also describes the once-human origin of the celebrity Buddhist icon, the Parent and Child Jizō Bodhisattva of Zenkōji Temple in Shinano Province.
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