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The Death of PhilosophyReference and Self-reference in Contemporary Thought$
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Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231147781

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231147781.001.0001

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Beyond the Death of Philosophy

Beyond the Death of Philosophy

Chapter:
(p.183) 8 Beyond the Death of Philosophy
Source:
The Death of Philosophy
Author(s):

Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel

, Richard A. Lynch
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231147781.003.0008

This chapter shows how it is possible to go beyond the theme of the death of philosophy. The law of self-reference brings to light an a priori principle that was not thematized by Immanuel Kant nor by the logical positivists. This a priori, which does not fall under simple formal logic, makes possible judgments about the consistency of a system or a certain type of proposition and thereby enables the creation, from itself, of a logic of production structured by a revived transcendental argument. This principle of self-referentiality makes it possible to avoid the oscillation so characteristic of contemporary philosophy between skepticism and positivism. Thanks to the reflexive a priori, a definition of philosophy as science became possible without indexing its methods and problems to a given existing science. The chapter also examines a theory of signification, which can be understood either in terms of the semantic triangle or from a consideration of saying within the said, which can take the form of a pragmatic theory of the utterance or else the form of a phenomenological theory of signification.

Keywords:   death of philosophy, self-reference, Immanuel Kant, transcendental argument, contemporary philosophy, skepticism, positivism, reflexive a priori, theory of signification

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