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Adolescents in Public HousingAddressing Psychological and Behavioral Health$
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Von Nebbitt

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231148580

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231148580.001.0001

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Modeling Latent Profiles of Efficacious Beliefs and Attitudes Toward Deviance

Modeling Latent Profiles of Efficacious Beliefs and Attitudes Toward Deviance

Chapter:
(p.81) 5 Modeling Latent Profiles of Efficacious Beliefs and Attitudes Toward Deviance
Source:
Adolescents in Public Housing
Author(s):

Von E. Nebbitt

Ajita M. Robinson

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231148580.003.0005

Most studies have focused on the pathologies and deficits exhibited by African American youth while ignoring the signs of resiliency evident in this population. A section of the Integrated Model on Adolescent Development in Public Housing Neighborhoods posits that promotive aspects of public housing neighborhoods contribute to increased self-efficacy and less favorable attitudes toward deviance. This chapter tests this section of the model by exploring variations in latent classes of adolescents based on their self-efficacy and attitudes toward deviance; assessing how adolescents differ on their depressive symptoms, anxiety sensitivity, delinquent behavior, and exposure to deviant peers based on their class membership; and examining how inhibiting and promotive aspects of public housing neighborhoods predict membership in each latent class. Findings show that adolescents' attitudes and efficacy determine their behavior, mental health symptoms, and peer affiliations. For instance, youths with conventional attitudes and more efficacious beliefs used less alcohol and marijuana than other youth; they engaged in less delinquent behavior and were affiliated with less youth involved in antisocial behavior, compared with youth with more favorable attitudes toward deviance and low efficacious beliefs. Higher self-efficacy also appears to be a moderating effect against depressive symptoms.

Keywords:   African American youths, self-efficacy, public housing neighborhoods, youth groups, deviant attitudes

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