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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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Mammalian Neogene Biostratigraphy of the Sulaiman Province, Pakistan

Mammalian Neogene Biostratigraphy of the Sulaiman Province, Pakistan

(p.400) Chapter 16 Mammalian Neogene Biostratigraphy of the Sulaiman Province, Pakistan
Fossil Mammals of Asia

Pierre-Olivier Antoine

Gregoire Métais

Maeva J. Orliac

J.-Y. Crochet

Lawrence J. Flynn

Laurent Marivaux

Abdul Rahim Rajpar

G. Roohi

Jean-Loup Welcomme

Columbia University Press

This chapter focuses on the mammalian Neogene biostratigraphy of the Sulaiman Province in Pakistan. The Sulaiman Range, a north–south-trending band of rugged mountains rising 1000–3400 meters above sea level, bears Late Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary rocks that are primarily marine and accumulated in the Tethys Sea in what is now the Indus Basin. The east side of the Sulaiman Range is of particular interest since a relatively thick, well-exposed mid-Cenozoic sequence registers the transition from marine shelf to terrestrial deposition episodes related to the uplift and erosion of the orogenic Himalayan highlands and the related closure of the Tethys Sea. This chapter describes the stratigraphic and historical context of the Sulaiman Province and the land mammals from the Upper Member of the Chitarwata Formation (earliest Miocene), Vihowa Formation (late early to middle Miocene), and Litra Formation (late Miocene). It also examines Neogene faunal succession in the Sulaiman Province and biostratigraphical correlation between the Bugti and Zinda Pir areas.

Keywords:   fauna, biostratigraphy, Sulaiman Province, Pakistan, land mammals, Chitarwata Formation, Vihowa Formation, Litra Formation, Neogene, faunal succession

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