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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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Review of the Litho-, Bio-, and Chronostratigraphy in the Nihewan Basin, Hebei, China

Review of the Litho-, Bio-, and Chronostratigraphy in the Nihewan Basin, Hebei, China

Chapter:
(p.218) Chapter 8 Review of the Litho-, Bio-, and Chronostratigraphy in the Nihewan Basin, Hebei, China
Source:
Fossil Mammals of Asia
Author(s):

Bao-Quan Cai

Shao-Hua Zheng

Joseph C. Liddicoat

Qiang Li

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0008

This chapter reviews studies of the lithography, biostratigraphy, and chronostratigraphy in the Nihewan Basin, Hebei, China since the 1920s when vertebrate fossils first were found. Cenozoic sediments in the area constitute four general groups: early Pliocene red beds (Shixia Formation); late Pliocene reddish and dark-colored fluviolacustrine and palustrine sandy clay (Daodi Formation); Pleistocene gray-greenish or gray-yellowish fluviolacustrine sand, gravel, and clay (Nihewan Formation); and overlying loess. A section at Danangou serves as the stratotype of the Nihewan Formation for its well-developed Pleistocene strata with abundant fossil mammals. Based mainly on the small land mammals from the Danangou, Pulu, Donggou, and Laowogou sections, five assemblage zones from oldest to youngest can be recognized.

Keywords:   lithography, biostratigraphy, chronostratigraphy, Nihewan Basin, China, fossils, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Nihewan Formation, land mammals

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