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Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy
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Manchu Princess, Japanese Spy: The Story of Kawashima Yoshiko, the Cross-Dressing Spy Who Commanded Her Own Army

Phyllis Birnbaum


Aisin Gioro Xianyu (1907–1948) was the fourteenth daughter of a Manchu prince and a legendary figure in China's bloody struggle with Japan. After the fall of the Manchu Qing dynasty in 1912, Xianyu's father gave his daughter to a Japanese friend who was sympathetic to his efforts to reclaim power. This man raised Xianyu, now known as Kawashima Yoshiko, to restore the Manchus to their former glory. Her fearsome dedication to this cause ultimately got her killed. Yoshiko had a fiery personality and loved the limelight. She shocked Japanese society by dressing in men's clothes and rose to promine ... More

Keywords: spy, Aisin Gioro Xianyu, Qing dynasty, China, Japan, Kawashima Yoshiko, Commander Jin, Manchu princess, East Asia

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9780231152181
Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015 DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231152181.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Phyllis Birnbaum, author