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NutritionismThe Science and Politics of Dietary Advice$
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Gyorgy Scrinis

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156578

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156578.001.0001

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A Clash of Nutritional Ideologies

A Clash of Nutritional Ideologies

(p.1) Chapter One A Clash of Nutritional Ideologies

Gyorgy Scrinis

Columbia University Press

This chapter chronicles the history of margarine to describe how nutritionism, or the reductive focus on food nutrients as the means for understanding healthfulness, has dominated nutrition science, dietary advice, and food marketing. More specifically, it critiques concepts claiming that though nutrition science has yielded valuable insights into the relationships between nutrients, foods, and the body, the reductive interpretation of nutrients has decontextualized, simplified, or exaggerated the role of nutrients in determining bodily health. For instance, despite the complexities of food-body interactions, nutrition experts have attempted to calculate the precise quantity of macronutrients and calories required for normal growth and prevention of deficiencies. This nutritional hubris has been a dietary advice for reducing the risk of chronic diseases.

Keywords:   nutrients, nutritionism, nutrition experts, nutrition science, health

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