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NutritionismThe Science and Politics of Dietary Advice$
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Gyorgy Scrinis

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156578

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156578.001.0001

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The Era of Quantifying Nutritionism

The Era of Quantifying Nutritionism

Protective Nutrients, Caloric Reductionism, and Vitamania

(p.51) Chapter Three The Era of Quantifying Nutritionism

Gyorgy Scrinis

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses the quantifying nutritionism era, which is characterized by the scientific practice of calculating food nutrients (nutri-quantification) to determine the body's nutritional requirements. Nutritionists' dietary advice during this period sought to ensure that people had adequate nutrient intake, particularly in proteins, vitamins, and calories, by consuming the right balance of various foods or food groups. This era was also marked by three successive periods of discovery. The first period was the identification of the three macronutrients: proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. The second was the introduction of calorie, which provided a uniform system for quantifying and comparing of all foods, and measuring the food intake requirements of all bodies. The last dealt with vitamins, which were valued for their health benefits such as protection against deficiency diseases.

Keywords:   quantifying nutritionism era, nutri-quantification, nutritionists, macronutrients, vitamins

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