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NutritionismThe Science and Politics of Dietary Advice$
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Gyorgy Scrinis

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156578

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156578.001.0001

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The Macronutrient Diet Wars

The Macronutrient Diet Wars

From the Low-Fat Campaign to Low-Calorie, Low-Carb, and Low-GI Diets

(p.99) Chapter Five The Macronutrient Diet Wars

Gyorgy Scrinis

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes how the decline of the low-fat campaign since the late 1990s resulted in alternative weight-loss dietary approaches. By the late 1990s, some nutrition experts believed that the consumption of low-fat foods may have contributed to the twin epidemic of obesity and diabetes. Most nutrition experts discredited the low-fat diet and advocated the reduction in caloric intake as default approach to prevent and treat obesity and diabetes. In the 19th and 20th century, nutritional experts promoted the idea that carbohydrates, not fat were the principal elements in food that caused obesity, making low-carb diets widely popular for weight loss. This approach further developed into Low-GI (glycemic index) diets, a method that emphasized the distinction between good and bad carbs.

Keywords:   low-fat campaign, Low-GI diets, glycemic index, carbohydrates, obesity, nutrition experts

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