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New Perspectives on International Migration and Development$
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Jeronimo Cortina and Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156806

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.001.0001

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Development and Migration

Development and Migration

Historical Trends and Future Research

Chapter:
(p.5) Chapter 1 Development and Migration
Source:
New Perspectives on International Migration and Development
Author(s):

Josh DeWind

Damla Ergun

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.003.0001

This chapter uses a macrostructural, historical, and geographical framework to examine the link between migration and development. In seeking to build the basis for a theoretical explanation of what seem to be recurring sequential patterns in development and migration transitions, the chapter examines their history and causal relations within Europe. It argues that industrialization has long driven the relationship between development and migration through causal mechanisms that are embedded within four socioeconomic transitions: from agricultural to industrial economies, from rural to urban societies, from high to low levels of fertility, and from emigration to immigration societies. It also considers voluntary migration that results in permanent changes of residence, whether internal or international, rather than on forced or circulatory migration. Finally, it evaluates Ronald Skeldon's proposed synthesis between world development and migration system approaches and concludes by outlining conceptual and empirical issues that researchers will have to address in the future in order to formulate a macro-level model and theory that can explain the relations between development and migration transitions in different regions of the world.

Keywords:   migration, development, history, causal relations, Europe, industrialization, socioeconomic transitions, emigration, immigration, Ronald Skeldon

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