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New Perspectives on International Migration and Development$
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Jeronimo Cortina and Enrique Ochoa-Reza

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156806

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.001.0001

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The Southern Crossroads

The Southern Crossroads

Human Mobility, Governance, and Development in South Africa

Chapter:
(p.196) Chapter 8 The Southern Crossroads
Source:
New Perspectives on International Migration and Development
Author(s):

Loren B. Landau

Aurelia Segatti

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231156806.003.0008

This chapter examines the impacts of migration on South Africa, with particular emphasis on two core issues: the integration of international migrants into local communities and the local governance of migration when there is extreme vulnerability and resource competition. It considers the dynamics and contradictions associated with human mobility into and within South Africa, as well as the challenges of developing effective policies in the presence of prevailing anti-immigrant attitudes within and outside government and the influence of a strong antitrafficking lobby. It also offers recommendations for improving migration policy and management and suggests that positive development outcomes will be maximized only by enhancing the role of local governments and regional bodies in evaluating, designing, and implementing an approach to human mobility. Finally it argues that discussion on migration and its management must be situated within the broader global debate over governance and development.

Keywords:   migration, South Africa, migrants, local communities, local governance, resource competition, human mobility, local governments, regional bodies

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