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What Matters?Ethnographies of Value in a Not So Secular Age$
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Courtney Bender and Ann Taves

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156851

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156851.001.0001

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From a Materialist Ethic to the Spirit of Prehistory

From a Materialist Ethic to the Spirit of Prehistory

(p.34) From a Materialist Ethic to the Spirit of Prehistory
What Matters?

Silvia Tomášková

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses the relationship between religion, science and spirituality at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. It specifically examines two Catholic priests—Abbé Henri Breuil and Gabriel de Mortillet—who played a significant role in the formation of scientific archaeology, particularly on the forms of the scientific discipline of archaeology and the blending of scientific foundation and religion-infused imaginings of the emergence of humans as spiritual, sentient beings. Gabriel de Mortillet laid the foundation of the earliest time divisions. Meanwhile, Abbé Breuil combined the evolutionary chronology with discussions of the emergence of higher thoughts expressed in art.

Keywords:   religion, science, spirituality, Abbé Henri Breuil, Gabriel de Mortillet, archaeology

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