The Quest for Global Security
Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance
This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the impact of globalization on countries around the world. Globalization, for instance, has undermined the state's abilities by reducing the power of taxation, particularly of capital. International rules and standards have been established that restricted the freedom of the state to act in ways that might protect its citizens. Globalization has also eroded the monopoly of violence—often regarded as the defining characteristic of what makes a state. Only a few large nations such as the United States, Russia, China, or India still retain the capacity to use their military forces unilaterally. However, globalization has brought with it benefits. It has contributed to the spread of democracy and human rights. And, when well-managed, globalization has even contributed to economic prosperity, especially for people in the developing world. The remainder of the chapter discusses how local and national responses will never be fully adequate in dealing with global problems, using the issue of global warming as an example; and the current system of global governance without global government.
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