A Prime Example of Protection Without Protectionism
This chapter argues that Scandinavian equality gives direction to governance, social consciousness, and economic behavior. It shows how coordination induces wage compression in the labor market, which in turn leads to an egalitarian welfare state. Together they constitute an institutional equilibrium where equality is both cause and consequence. Faced with fierce competition on the world market, this equilibrium path has produced the smallest wage differentials, the lowest frequency of labor disputes, and the most generous welfare states in the world. It must be the prime example of protection without protectionism—where worker security and free trade have persisted together for more than sixty years despite shifting governments and varying external circumstances.
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