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Asia's Space RaceNational Motivations, Regional Rivalries, and International Risks$
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James Clay Moltz

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156882

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156882.001.0001

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The South Korean Space Program

The South Korean Space Program

Emerging from Dependency

(p.136) Chapter Five The South Korean Space Program
Asia's Space Race

James Clay Moltz

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes South Korea's emergence as a space power. Developing a space program has represented a major national challenge for South Korea, a country that was forced to rebuild itself and its economy after World War II and the Korean War. The motivations for Seoul's new focus on space can be found in a number of specific factors: South Korea's economic development aims and its pattern of state-led industrial development in other critical sectors in the past; the threats posed by North Korea's nuclear and missile developments and South Korea's need to have an independent monitoring capability for national security purposes; and South Korean national pride and desire to be recognized as an independent, modern, and technologically advanced society. Under the helm of the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, the nation now has the capabilities to send its astronauts to the International Space Station.

Keywords:   space power, South Korea, space program, industrial development, North Korea, national security, Korea Aerospace Research Institute, International Space Station

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