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Voices from IraqA People's History, 2003-2009$
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Mark Kukis

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231156929

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231156929.001.0001

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Old Foes

Old Foes

Old Foes
Voices from Iraq

Mark Kukis

Columbia University Press

In this chapter, Mohammed Ra'ad Ahmed talks about his experience during the Iraq war. Sometime shortly after the U.S. invasion, neighboring Iran began to offer training, arms, and funds to Iraqis out to fight American forces in Iraq. Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of Iraqis journeyed from Iraq to Iran for training in guerrilla tactics. The Iraqi fighters who returned to Iraq formed cells American forces came to call “Special Groups.” Ahmed was a career military officer in the Saddam Hussein years and fought against Iranian forces in the Iran-Iraq war. But anger at the U.S. occupation drove him to get involved with the Iranian Qods Force, a paramilitary arm of the Tehran's Revolutionary Guards that organized and backed Iraqi guerrillas fighting U.S. troops in Iraq.

Keywords:   invasion, Mohammed Ra'ad Ahmed, Iraq war, Iran, Iraq, Special Groups, Saddam Hussein, Iranian Qods Force, Revolutionary Guards, guerrillas

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