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Fountain HouseCreating Community in Mental Health Practice$
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Alan Doyle, Julius Lanoil, and Kenneth Dudek

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231157100

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231157100.001.0001

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Reinventing Fountain House

Reinventing Fountain House

(p.23) 2 Reinventing Fountain House
Fountain House

Alan Doyle

Julius Lanoil

Kenneth J. Dudek

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses the institutionalization of the Fountain House. A few wealthy volunteers, who joined with a group of ex-patients from a state psychiatric hospital, launched the Fountain House by purchasing a building in mid-town Manhattan, New York City, in 1948. The early Fountain House, like the settlement house movement, incorporated an empowerment approach, with members banding together under a patient-directed Fellowship for their mutual benefit. The Fountain House, however, was not conceptually based on the tradition of the settlement house movement, but on the tenets of the activity group therapy (AGT), introduced by John Beard in 1955. The Fountain House that Beard redesigned featured area work groups, in which participation was considered pre-vocational in intent, and suitable for patients recently discharged from a psychiatric hospital.

Keywords:   Fountain House, Manhattan, New York City, settlement house movement, empowerment approach, activity group therapy, AGT, John Beard

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