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Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia, 1590-2010Korea, Manchuria, Mongolia, Eastern Siberia$
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Li Narangoa and Robert Cribb

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231160704

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231160704.001.0001

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(p.151) Part IV 1900–2010
Historical Atlas of Northeast Asia, 1590-2010

Li Narangoa

Robert Cribb

Columbia University Press

This part of the book explores the political configuration of Northeast Asia from the twentieth century to the first decades of the twenty-first century. The Russo–Japanese War which resulted in regional divisions happened early on in the twentieth century. Russians were ruling over the North (China and Mongolia) and the Japanese were ruling over the South (Korea). The Russians were interested in Mongolia as a buffer zone against the remaining Chinese and Manchu indigents. Meanwhile, in addition to Korea, the Japanese wanted to expand even further in other Northeast Asian states. So the Japanese incited hostilities but were eventually defeated in 1939. By 1946, the two disconnected states—mainland China and Mongolia—had established a diplomatic relationship based on socialism. The Russians eventually withdrew its hold over Mongolia. Years after the Russian withdrawal, the region developed economically.

Keywords:   twentieth century, twenty-first century, Northeast Asia, Russo–Japanese War, Mongolia, China mainland, socialism, diplomatic relationship, Russians

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