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Grassroots FascismThe War Experience of the Japanese People$
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Yoshimi Yoshiaki

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231165686

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231165686.001.0001

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Grassroots Fascism

Grassroots Fascism

(p.89) 2 Grassroots Fascism
Grassroots Fascism

Ethan Mark

, Yoshimi Yoshiaki
Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses the seeds of a grassroots imperialism built upon the blood and sacrifices of the people subjected to Japanese imperialism, such as the Ainu, the Koreans, the Taiwanese, and so on. Following a wartime shortage of rice and other necessities, the general sentiment in Japan was one of dissatisfaction as the Sino-Japanese war dragged on and living conditions deteriorated; yet this same sentiment did not call for peace but for a speedy resolution to the conflict. Under these dire economic straits, the people turned to the New Order Movement, a Japanese-style fascist movement whose influence would touch base at the grassroots level and eventually blossom into a sense of ethnic superiority that justified Japan's acts of war by their presumed role as Asia's leaders and saviors.

Keywords:   grassroots imperialism, Japanese imperialism, acts of war, New Order Movement, Sino-Japanese war, wartime shortage, fascist movement

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