This chapter presents a brief overview of the development of Hindi film industry, later coined the “Bollywood.” The arrival of the cinematograph in India in 1896 had been warmly welcomed, evident when Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru further promoted its use in filmmaking. Nehru envisioned the amalgamation of Indian institutions, customs, cultures, and ideals in the form of public fantasy, which were to be depicted in films. The Hindi film industry, as informed by Nehru’s visions for popular cinema, inextricably linked themes such as the society, politics, and pleasure. In addition, the film industry was influenced by the sentiments during the 1950s and reinforced during the revolutionary decade of the 1970s. Consequently, it saw the impressive popular reception during the decades beyond.
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