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Global AlertThe Rationality of Modern Islamist Terrorism and the Challenge to the Liberal Democratic World$
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Boaz Ganor

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231172127

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231172127.001.0001

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The Hybrid Terrorist Organization

The Hybrid Terrorist Organization

Chapter:
(p.73) 5 The Hybrid Terrorist Organization
Source:
Global Alert
Author(s):

Boaz Ganor

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231172127.003.0005

This chapter fully explores the metamorphosis from “classic” to “hybrid” terrorist organization, in which the hybrid terrorist organization takes on the features of the classic in terms of conducting illegitimate or militant activities while at the same time engaging in pseudo-legitimate and voluntary ventures such as welfare—or even politics. It takes no great leap for a terrorist organization to go from accepting state sponsorship and its attendant obligations to wielding political power as part of a state apparatus, even as it continues to affect policy and politics by deploying political violence. A “hybrid terrorist organization” thrives simultaneously in the social-welfare, political, and military spheres by endearing themselves to their constituents, thereby easing their way into power in the latter two sectors. Hezbollah and Hamas are two such hybrid organizations; their involvement in politics is further analyzed in conjunction with the above definitions.

Keywords:   hybrid terrorist organization, welfare, state sponsorship, political violence, Hezbollah, Hamas

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