This book tells the story of Nicholas Murray Butler, influential Republican, international statesman, and president of Columbia University from 1902 to 1945. Known as “the Sage,” Butler was celebrated—and not infrequently vilified—throughout the world during his time. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931, became president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1925, president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1928, and chairman of the Carnegie Corporation Board of Trustees in 1937. He was a candidate for the Republican nomination for president of the United States in 1920. Butler collected—another sign of cultural influence—hordes of adoring friends and acerbic enemies. The friends included many of the world's most distinguished people, from Herbert Asquith and Lloyd George to Henri Bergson, Andrew Carnegie, Theodore Roosevelt, Elihu Root, William Howard Taft, and Warren Harding. He transformed Columbia into a globally recognized university, guided by the view that Columbia had a sacred mission: to generate a civilizing force and intellectual power that would shape the modern world.
Keywords: Nicholas Murray Butler, Republican, Columbia University, Nobel Peace Prize, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, American Academy of Arts and Letters, Andrew Carnegie, Theodore Roosevelt, Warren Harding
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