An Old Shoe
An Old Shoe
This chapter discusses Nicholas Murray Butler's friendship with steel magnate Andrew Carnegie during his tenure as president of Columbia University and the latter's role in extending Butler's influence beyond the academy and across the globe. On December 14, 1910, Carnegie announced his commitment of $10 million to fund an Endowment for International Peace, with Butler as trustee and director of one of its three divisions. Becoming president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1925 and chairman of the board of the Carnegie Corporation in 1937, Butler succeeded in folding his interest in peace into the power, prestige, and economic clout of Carnegie's vast resources, leveraging his connection with the Endowment into an international influence and visibility that would not have been possible simply as a university president. By the time Carnegie donated his $10 million for peace, Butler had moved to the innermost circle of Carnegie's dozen closest friends, known as his “old shoes,” along with two other Americans: Cornell president and diplomat Andrew White and journalist and editor Richard Gilder.
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