This chapter discusses Nicholas Murray Butler's stand on various domestic and international issues while he was president of Columbia University. It first examines Butler's initiatives that propelled Columbia to greater heights, including the opening of the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in 1928; his criticisms of Herbert Hoover for his inability to deal effectively with the Depression and his support for Franklin D. Roosevelt not only for what he perceived to be the new spirit of internationalism that the new U.S. president had brought to Washington, but also for his economic and social programs; his decision to sever Columbia's connection with Howard Scott and his researchers; his position regarding the movement for a constitutional amendment granting Congress the right to regulate child labor; and his panacea of a revitalized internationalism.
Keywords: child labor, Nicholas Murray Butler, Columbia University, Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, Herbert Hoover, Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt, internationalism, Howard Scott, constitutional amendment
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