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Nicholas MiraculousThe Amazing Career of the Redoubtable Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler$
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Michael Rosenthal

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231174213

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231174213.001.0001

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Resignation, Retirements, and Death

Resignation, Retirements, and Death

(p.434) Chapter Nineteen Resignation, Retirements, and Death
Nicholas Miraculous

Michael Rosenthal

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses Nicholas Murray Butler's activities prior to his resignation as president of Columbia University in 1947. It first considers Butler's belief that the United States had to join Great Britain and France in World War II, capped by a speech in which he distinguished between academic freedom and university freedom, as well as Senator Bennett C. Clark's castigation of Butler's pronouncement; his resignation as Columbia president and the reaction of the trustees of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace to his decision; and the personal problems encountered by Butler in the winter of 1946–1947, including the cancer surgery of his wife Kate La Montagne Butler and the death of his daughter Sarah Butler Lawrence. Finally, it cites Butler's death on December 7, 1947.

Keywords:   death, Nicholas Murray Butler, resignation, Columbia University, World War II, speech, academic freedom, university freedom, Kate La Montagne Butler, Sarah Butler Lawrence

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