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From Resilience to RevolutionHow Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East$
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Sean Yom

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231175647

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231175647.001.0001

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Inclusion and Stability in a Populist Autocracy

Inclusion and Stability in a Populist Autocracy

(p.69) 4 Inclusion and Stability in a Populist Autocracy
From Resilience to Revolution

Sean L. Yom

Columbia University Press

This chapter traces the institutional consequences of Kuwait’s coalitional strategy upon national development, revealing how new economic and political institutions after the 1950s kept the Sabah family in close contact with Kuwaiti society through the provision of patronage and protection to different coalitional allies. This made the autocracy well prepared to deal with two disastrous crises, the 1980s financial collapse and the 1990 Gulf War, which nearly ended its rule altogether.

Keywords:   Sabah, Mobilization, Populism, Crisis, Occupation, Shi'a

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