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From Resilience to RevolutionHow Foreign Interventions Destabilize the Middle East$
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Sean Yom

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231175647

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231175647.001.0001

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Cliency and Coercion in Iran

Cliency and Coercion in Iran

(p.98) 5 Cliency and Coercion in Iran
From Resilience to Revolution

Sean L. Yom

Columbia University Press

Iran is the opposite of Kuwait, embodying the causal pattern of geopolitical substitution resulting in revolutionary collapse for the governing regime. This chapter analyzes the Iranian case beginning with the seminal state-society conflict in which the ruling Pahlavi monarchy was nearly overthrown by urban opposition. Popular mobilization starting in the late 1940s made clear the regime’s domestic vulnerabilities from its small base of elite support to the regime’s severe fiscal and coercive shortages.

Keywords:   Iran, Shah, Military, Economic, Coup, intervention

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