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Incomparable EmpiresModernism and the Translation of Spanish and American Literature$
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Gayle Rogers

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780231178563

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231178563.001.0001

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Jiménez, Modernism/o, and the Languages of Comparative Modernist Studies

Jiménez, Modernism/o, and the Languages of Comparative Modernist Studies

(p.109) Chapter 3 Jiménez, Modernism/o, and the Languages of Comparative Modernist Studies
Incomparable Empires

Gayle Rogers

Columbia University Press

Uses Rubén Darío’s manipulation of the term modernismo and Jiménez’s relationship to the modernista movement, as elaborated in over four decades of critical writings, to rethink the paradigms of global modernist studies. This chapter demonstrates how Jiménez’s controversial conversion of a “dying” Spain into a vital node in a “universal” modernist network can redress some critical imbalances in the Anglophone-dominated field of modernist studies. It furthermore shows, through a brief philological examination in Hispanophone media, how the presumed death of Spain was central to the renovation of the term “modernismo” itself in Rubén Darío’s work, which Jiménez saw himself as inheriting. Placing translation and literary exchange at the center of his practices and theories, Jiménez reinscribes Spain into a global history of what I call “modernism/o”—a way of denoting his use of the Spanish word modernismo to signal an “epoch” whose history is in danger of being narrowed by the Anglophone conceptions of “modernism”—by permanently suspending both the word and the concept between English and Spanish, effectively capturing the mobile poetics that his work employs.

Keywords:   Jiménez, American modernism, Modernism, Translation, Tagore, Darío

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