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Chinese History and CultureSixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century$
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Ying-shih Yü

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780231178587

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.001.0001

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Individualism and the Neo-Daoist Movement in Wei-Jin China

Individualism and the Neo-Daoist Movement in Wei-Jin China

Chapter:
(p.134) 7. Individualism and the Neo-Daoist Movement in Wei-Jin China
Source:
Chinese History and Culture
Author(s):

Ying-shih Yü

, Josephine Chiu-Duke, Michael S. Duke
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0007

This study explores the Neo-Daoist movement as an example of one type of Chinese individualism. It shows how this individualism arose along with the profound social and intellectual crisis at the end of the Han and carried on into the Wei-Jin period. In contrast to the generally accepted political interpretation, this essay demonstrates that the transition from Confucianism to Neo-Daoism in the Wei-Jin period can be more sensibly viewed as an outgrowth of the discovery of the individual. It concludes with the reconciliation of Daoist individualism and Confucian ritualism in the late fourth century.

Keywords:   geren zhuyi, individualism, Neo-Daoism, qinmi, qingtan, wu, nonbeing, ziran, naturalness, qing

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