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Chinese History and CultureSixth Century B.C.E. to Seventeenth Century$
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Ying-shih Yü

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780231178587

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.001.0001

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Business Culture and Chinese Traditions

Business Culture and Chinese Traditions

Toward a Study of the Evolution of Merchant Culture in Chinese History

Chapter:
(p.222) 11. Business Culture and Chinese Traditions
Source:
Chinese History and Culture
Author(s):

Ying-shih Yü

, Josephine Chiu-Duke, Michael S. Duke
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231178587.003.0011

This is a study of the evolution of Chinese merchant culture from 221 B.C.E. to 1800 C.E. It demonstrates the importance of merchants and market economy throughout Chinese history, and also that by the middle of the seventeenth-century, the status of merchants and scholars were quite similar; many scholars became merchants as part of a “commercial wave.” It further argues that merchant culture and the market economy predisposed the Chinese to the modern acceptance of capitalism.

Keywords:   business culture, merchant class, shidao, shi er shang, gudao, Business Way, Chinese merchants

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