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Breaking with the PastThe Maritime Customs Service and the Global Origins of Modernity in China$
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Hans van de Ven

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231137386

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231137386.001.0001

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Maintaining Integrity, 1937–1949

Maintaining Integrity, 1937–1949

(p.259) Chapter Seven Maintaining Integrity, 1937–1949
Breaking with the Past

Hans van de Ven

Columbia University Press

This chapter follows the Customs Service from the summer of 1937 until the summer of 1952. It records the decline of the Service at various levels, in a variety of places, and in a range of situations. In July 1937, China and Japan began a war that would last eight long and difficult years. During this time, the Japanese occupied large parts of China and made it impossible for the Customs Service to operate. Then, after 1945, the Service attempted to reestablish its position in coastal China, which it initially did with success, but it gradually was overwhelmed by the problems that came with the Civil War period, including inflation. Finally, the Service had to deal with the arrival of Communism. In the context of the Korean War, the Communists were afraid of enemies within and turned on the Service, an institution that their revolutionary instincts told them to distrust and that they would have wanted to transform sooner or later in any case.

Keywords:   Japan, Civil War, inflation, Communists, Chinese Maritime Customs Service, China

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