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Conflict, Conquest, and ConversionTwo Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East$
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Reeva Spector Simon and Eleanor Tejirian

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231138659

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231138659.001.0001

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Achievements and Consequences

Achievements and Consequences

Intended and Unintended

(p.138) Seven Achievements and Consequences
Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion

Eleanor H. Tejirian

Reeva Spector Simon

Columbia University Press

This chapter assesses the outcomes of missionary work in the Middle East. For Protestant missionaries, improving the status of women was an important goal and in the mission field it was closely linked to education. Eastern Christians, Roman Catholics, and Muslims were all active in expanding educational resources for their members. All these schools and the work of missionaries served as vanguards of modernization and Westernization. They became exemplars of modern technologies in many areas—agriculture, printing, and medicine—and promulgators, through both formal education and example, of modern Western habits of thought. Missionary education is also credited with contributing to the emergence of local nationalisms, including Arab, Armenian, and Assyrian, as opposed to a specific religious identity or identification with the imperial power.

Keywords:   missionaries, Middle East, missionary work, religious schools, secular schools, Protestants, education, nationalism

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