World War I
World War I
Nationalism, Independence, and the Fate of the Missionary Enterprise
This chapter discusses the impact of World War I on the missionary movement in the Middle East. World War I forced missionary institutions to shift their activities from evangelism to relief and assistance, the activities now generally ascribed to nongovernmental organizations. From the standpoint of the missionary enterprise, three wartime episodes stand out: the humanitarian disaster of the Armenian massacres and deportations from Anatolia beginning in 1915, which were followed after the war by massacres of the Greek Christian population and eventually by the League of Nations-sponsored population exchange between Greece and Turkey; the famine in Syria during the war and the missionary response; and the attacks on the missionary institutions in Urmia in 1917.
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