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Conflict, Conquest, and ConversionTwo Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East$
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Reeva Spector Simon and Eleanor Tejirian

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780231138659

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231138659.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 05 December 2021

World War I

World War I

Nationalism, Independence, and the Fate of the Missionary Enterprise

(p.167) Eight World War I
Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion

Eleanor H. Tejirian

Reeva Spector Simon

Columbia University Press

This chapter discusses the impact of World War I on the missionary movement in the Middle East. World War I forced missionary institutions to shift their activities from evangelism to relief and assistance, the activities now generally ascribed to nongovernmental organizations. From the standpoint of the missionary enterprise, three wartime episodes stand out: the humanitarian disaster of the Armenian massacres and deportations from Anatolia beginning in 1915, which were followed after the war by massacres of the Greek Christian population and eventually by the League of Nations-sponsored population exchange between Greece and Turkey; the famine in Syria during the war and the missionary response; and the attacks on the missionary institutions in Urmia in 1917.

Keywords:   missionary movement, World War I, Middle East, evangelism, relief, Armenian massacre, Anatolia, Syrian, famine, Urmia

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