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The Columbia Guide to Religion in American History$
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Paul Harvey and Edward Blum

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780231140201

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231140201.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 19 September 2021

Religious Conservatism and Fundamentalism

Religious Conservatism and Fundamentalism

(p.309) 16. Religious Conservatism and Fundamentalism
The Columbia Guide to Religion in American History

Margaret Bendroth

Columbia University Press

This chapter explores the relationship between religious conservatism and fundamentalism in America. Fundamentalism is one of the most important and one of the most difficult topics in American religious history. Fundamentalists are defined as “people of the Book”; that is, they uphold a divinely inspired Scripture as the final authority in every matter. This chapter begins with an overview of the history of American fundamentalism and of the other conservative religious groups and proceeds by discussing five “fundamentals” deemed to be the core doctrines of orthodox Christianity: the inerrancy of scripture; the virgin birth of Christ; the “substitution theory” of the atonement, a particular understanding of Christ's death as a satisfaction for human sin; the physical resurrection of Christ; and the authenticity of the miracles reported in the Bible. It then charts the rise of fundamentalist militancy and considers the Fundamentalism Project and concludes by analyzing fundamentalism in relation to Calvinism and gender theory.

Keywords:   religious conservatism, fundamentalism, American religious history, fundamentalists, Scripture, conservative religious groups, orthodox Christianity, militancy, Calvinism, gender theory

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