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Howard Andrew KnoxPioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island$
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John Richardson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231141680

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.001.0001

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The Measurement of Intelligence

The Measurement of Intelligence

(p.47) 4 The Measurement of Intelligence
Howard Andrew Knox

Richardson John T. E.

Columbia University Press

This chapter focuses on attempts to measure intelligence during the late nineteenth century. Developments in the measurement of intelligence came at a time when researchers were seeking to demonstrate the heritability of intelligence and practitioners were seeking to classify people as mentally normal or deficient. Francis Galton was one of the first to implement practical methods of measuring intelligence. Galton’s research encouraged James McKeen Cattell, an American student, to use the same techniques to investigate variations in performance across different people. Aside from the research carried out by Galton and Cattell, this chapter considers the work of Victor Henri, Henry Herbert Goddard, Lewis Madison Terman, and Edmund Burke Huey. It also looks at the introduction of Alfred Binet and Théodore Simon’s intelligence tests to the United States.

Keywords:   intelligence measurement, Alfred Binet, Théodore Simon, Francis Galton, James McKeen Cattell, Victor Henri, Henry Herbert Goddard, Lewis Madison Terman, Edmund Burke Huey, intelligence tests

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