Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Howard Andrew KnoxPioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John Richardson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231141680

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 28 June 2022

Borrowing the Ellis Island Tests

Borrowing the Ellis Island Tests

(p.218) 11 Borrowing the Ellis Island Tests
Howard Andrew Knox

Richardson John T. E.

Columbia University Press

This chapter focuses on the wider use of intelligence tests throughout the 1920s and 1930s until they were generally superseded by David Wechsler’s scales from 1939 onward. From May 1912 to May 1916, Howard Andrew Knox and his colleagues produced an array of psychological tests to estimate mental deficiency among emigrants at Ellis Island in New York. These tests were later borrowed and adapted in the test batteries that were devised to measure intelligence. The publication of Rudolf Pintner and Donald Gildersleeve Paterson’s A Scale of Performance Tests (1917) and of Clarence Stone Yoakum and Robert Mearns Yerkes’ manual, Army Mental Tests (1920) brought many of Knox’s tests to the attention of psychologists. This chapter considers James Drever and Mary Collins’s “series of non-linguistic tests”, Harriet Babcock’s test of mental efficiency, and other performance scales of the 1930s, along with tests that measured race, ethnicity, and performance. It also describes the Wechsler Intelligence Scales and the many variants of the Cube Imitation Test before concluding with an assessment of the demise of performance scales.

Keywords:   intelligence tests, David Wechsler, Howard Andrew Knox, psychological tests, mental deficiency, intelligence, non-linguistic tests, performance scales, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, Cube Imitation Test

Columbia Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .