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Howard Andrew KnoxPioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island$
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John Richardson

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231141680

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.001.0001

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What do Performance Tests Measure?

What do Performance Tests Measure?

(p.241) 12 What do Performance Tests Measure?
Howard Andrew Knox

Richardson John T. E.

Columbia University Press

This chapter considers what performance tests actually measure in light of current psychological research. It was Howard Andrew Knox who first used the term “performance test” in his own writings in September 1913, but at that point it seems already to have been in common use in discourse about intelligence and intelligence testing. Since Knox’s work at Ellis Island in New York there have been different views about what performance tests actually measure. This chapter first examines the ways in which the phrase “performance test” has been used before discussing three kinds of contemporary evidence to suggest that the distinction between verbal and performance tests may not be straightforward. It also describes the structure of the Wechsler Intelligence Scales and concludes by assessing the role of linguistic processing, education, and language in performance tests.

Keywords:   performance tests, Howard Andrew Knox, Ellis Island, intelligence testing, verbal tests, Wechsler Intelligence Scales, linguistic processing, education, language

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