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Foundations of the American CenturyThe Ford, Carnegie, and Rockefeller Foundations in the Rise of American Power$
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Inderjeet Parmar

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231146296

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231146296.001.0001

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Laying The Foundations of Globalism, 1930–1945

Laying The Foundations of Globalism, 1930–1945

(p.65) 3 Laying The Foundations of Globalism, 1930–1945
Foundations of the American Century

Inderjeet Parmar

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines three interconnected foundation-led programs: the instruction of university International Relations (IR) programs, the reinforcement of elite experts' advisory capabilities and state's research capacities, and the mobilization of public opinion. Firstly, IR programs were established as academic disciplines in universities with the likes of Yale University and Princeton University. Secondly, to reinforce U.S. foreign policy, a Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) was established to develop blueprints for American policy makers in a postwar world. Thirdly, foundations encouraged public opinion by fostering lines of study, teaching, and research such as the funding of Princeton's Office of Public Opinion Research. U.S. globalism did not flourish due to the dense network of think tanks, policy research institutes, and publicity organizations, per se, but due to the flow of material incentives—grants, jobs, fellowships—within this network.

Keywords:   International Relations programs, state research, public-opinion mobilization, Yale University, Princeton University, Council on Foreign Relations, Princeton's Office of Public Opinion Research, U.S. foreign policy, U.S. globalism

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