Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Landscape of the MindHuman Evolution and the Archaeology of Thought$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

John Hoffecker

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231147040

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231147040.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 02 August 2021

Daydreams of the Lower Paleolithic

Daydreams of the Lower Paleolithic

(p.33) 2 Daydreams of the Lower Paleolithic
Landscape of the Mind

John F. Hoffecker

Columbia University Press

This chapter examines the evolutionary biology of the human mind. The earliest known examples of external thought emerged approximately 1.5 million years ago in the form of carved stone objects called bifaces. These tools achieved an externalized mental representation status since they bear little resemblance to the natural object from which they were made, having been transformed by human hands according to a certain mental template. The appearance of bifaces indicates the emergence of the proto-mind, since during this time humans began to find themselves in a landscape populated by thoughts in an extremely literal sense. Three observations were made on the workings of the proto-mind: first, it is capable of thinking beyond the internal; second, it is lacking of what Noam Chomsky calls the “core property” of language; and finally, it is a collective enterprise.

Keywords:   evolutionary biology, human mind, mental representation, bifaces, proto-mind, intentionality, language

Columbia Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .