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The Death of PhilosophyReference and Self-reference in Contemporary Thought$
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Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780231147781

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231147781.001.0001

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The Antispeculative View

The Antispeculative View

Habermas as an Example

(p.73) 3 The Antispeculative View
The Death of Philosophy

Isabelle Thomas-Fogiel

, Richard A. Lynch
Columbia University Press

This chapter offers a critique of Jürgen Habermas’s contemporary philosophy, with particular emphasis on its “antispeculative” habitus. This “antispeculative” habitus is entirely structured around a critique of classical metaphysics, generally characterized as a symbol of the hubris of a human thought that desires to subjugate the entirety of what there is under its almighty power. Habermas has illustrated this vast genre, the veritable backbone of contemporary philosophy in three periods (or movements), each in turn embraced and then abandoned: a therapeutic approach, a critical approach (that is, the idea of philosophy as bringing out a phenomenon’s conditions of possibility), and finally, his most recent approach, which adopts a certain form of naturalism. This chapter examines three periods of Habermas’s evolution that embody the movement of contemporary philosophy to show how the symptoms of the current crisis of the death of philosophy persist. The first period of Habermas’s philosophy is marked by Knowledge and Human Interests, the second by “universal pragmatics”, and the third by fallibilist pragmatism. The chapter concludes by analyzing the theory of argumentation.

Keywords:   antispeculative habitus, Jürgen Habermas, contemporary philosophy, metaphysics, therapeutic approach, naturalism, death of philosophy, Knowledge and Human Interests, universal pragmatics, pragmatism

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