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Adolescents in Public HousingAddressing Psychological and Behavioral Health$
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Von Nebbitt

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231148580

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231148580.001.0001

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The Relationship Between Neighborhood Risk and Adolescent Health-Risk Behaviors

The Relationship Between Neighborhood Risk and Adolescent Health-Risk Behaviors

A Focus on Adolescent Depressive Symptoms

(p.109) 7 The Relationship Between Neighborhood Risk and Adolescent Health-Risk Behaviors
Adolescents in Public Housing

Sharon F. Lambert

Crystal L. Barksdale

Von E. Nebbitt

Columbia University Press

Ecological models highlight the significance of the neighborhood context for understanding youth health outcomes. However, only recently has empirical research examined which aspects of the neighborhood context may influence health-risk behaviors. This chapter examines depressive symptoms as a possible mechanism linking adolescents' perceptions of neighborhood disorder with sexual-risk behavior and substance use. It also considers whether individual, family, and peer influences moderated the association between neighborhood disorder and these health-risk behaviors. Results show an indirect effect of neighborhood disorder, such that neighborhood risk was associated with depressive symptoms, which in turn were associated with substance use. However, neighborhood risk remained associated with sexual-risk behavior after accounting for depressive symptoms, suggesting that other mechanisms are responsible for the association between neighborhood disorder and adolescents' sexual-risk behavior.

Keywords:   African American adolescents, depression, depressive symptoms, sexual behavior, risk behavior, substance abuse, neighborhood disorder, health-risk behaviors, ecological models

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