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Adolescents in Public HousingAddressing Psychological and Behavioral Health$
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Von Nebbitt

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780231148580

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231148580.001.0001

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Risk and Protective Factors of Depressive Symptoms

Risk and Protective Factors of Depressive Symptoms

(p.123) 8 Risk and Protective Factors of Depressive Symptoms
Adolescents in Public Housing

Margaret Lombe

Von E. Nebbitt

Columbia University Press

This chapter assesses how the downward extension of adult responsibilities to adolescence (i.e. adultification) and community cohesion buffer the effects of delinquent behavior, exposure to deviant peers, and exposure to neighborhood hazard on depressive symptoms among African American youth living in urban public housing. Results show that adultification is a protective factor in the face of neighborhood risk and delinquent behaviors. Assuming a high degree of adult responsibilities was indirectly related to increased emotional well-being. Community cohesion, however, negatively influenced adolescents' sense of emotional well-being. Site variations were also noted in depressive symptoms, suggesting that depressive symptoms were directly related to the city where a youth lives. More specifically, youth in Washington, DC, reported significantly lower symptoms than youth in St. Louis and Philadelphia.

Keywords:   African American adolescents, adult responsibilities, public housing, community cohesion, adultification, emotional well-being

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