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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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Neogene Mammalian Biostratigraphy and Geochronology of the Tibetan Plateau

Neogene Mammalian Biostratigraphy and Geochronology of the Tibetan Plateau

(p.274) Chapter 10 Neogene Mammalian Biostratigraphy and Geochronology of the Tibetan Plateau
Fossil Mammals of Asia

Xiaoming Wang

Qiang Li

Zhu-Ding Qiu

Guang-Pu Xie

Ban-Yue Wang

Zhan-Xiang Qiu

Zhijie J. Tseng

Gary T. Takeuchi

Tao Deng

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes the Neogene mammalian biostratigraphy and geochronology of the Tibetan Plateau. The interior Tibetan Plateau features a unique assemblage of living land mammals, roughly fifty percent of which are endemic. The Himalaya Range and its lateral extensions form the most impenetrable zoogeographic barrier within a continent, as well as mark sharp climatic, environmental, and vegetational boundaries. Important questions arise concerning the timing and extent of mammalian evolution in response to the formation of the proto–Tibetan Plateau. In addition, there is a keen sense of urgency for a better understanding of faunal divergences between successive mammal faunas from the Siwaliks of Pakistan and north of the Himalaya. This chapter begins with a brief overview of Neogene vertebrate faunas and their chronology within and around the margins of the Tibetan Plateau before analyzing the faunal succession and magnetostratigraphy of the region.

Keywords:   biostratigraphy, geochronology, Tibetan Plateau, land mammals, evolution, fauna, Himalaya, Neogene, faunal succession, magnetostratigraphy

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