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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 29 July 2021

The Siwaliks and Neogene Evolutionary Biology in South Asia

The Siwaliks and Neogene Evolutionary Biology in South Asia

(p.353) Chapter 14 The Siwaliks and Neogene Evolutionary Biology in South Asia
Fossil Mammals of Asia

Lawrence J. Flynn

Everett H. Lindsay

David Pilbeam

S. Mahmood Raza

Michèle E. Morgan

John C. Barry

Catherine E. Badgley

Anna K. Behrensmeyer

I. U. Cheema

Abdul Rahim Rajpar

Neil D. Opdyke

Columbia University Press

This chapter characterizes the Siwaliks and Neogene evolutionary biology in South Asia, paying special attention to the distribution of fossiliferous terrestrial deposits of late Cenozoic age across the Indian Subcontinent and the development of a chronostratigraphic framework in Pakistan and India. The Siwalik Group is a thick and laterally expansive wedge of sub-Himalayan nonmarine clastic deposits best developed in the northern Indian Subcontinent, extending southeastward through Nepal and into Assam. Siwalik deposits helped vertebrate fossils from southern Asia become known to the Western world as early as the 1830s. The transformative factor that led to accurate dating of the Siwaliks was the application of magnetostratigraphy to detailed biostratigraphic sections. This chapter discusses the significance of the Siwalik deposits as a window on a subtropical ecosystem of the Miocene world, a window that was open during the late Paleogene and most of the Neogene.

Keywords:   evolutionary biology, Siwaliks, Neogene, South Asia, terrestrial deposits, Cenozoic, Indian Subcontinent, clastic deposits, fossils, magnetostratigraphy

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