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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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The Neogene Siwaliks of the Potwar Plateau, Pakistan

The Neogene Siwaliks of the Potwar Plateau, Pakistan

Chapter:
(p.373) Chapter 15 The Neogene Siwaliks of the Potwar Plateau, Pakistan
Source:
Fossil Mammals of Asia
Author(s):

John C. Barry

Anna K. Behrensmeyer

Catherine E. Badgley

Lawrence J. Flynn

Hannele Peltonen

I. U. Cheema

David Pilbeam

Everett H. Lindsay

S. Mahmood Raza

Abdul Rahim Rajpar

Michèle E. Morgan

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0015

This chapter characterizes the Neogene Siwaliks of the Potwar Plateau in northern Pakistan. The Siwalik formations of the Indian Subcontinent comprise fluvial sediments of Miocene through Pleistocene age deposited in a series of basins along the southern margin of the collision zone between peninsular India and Asia. The deposits are thick and fossiliferous, with a diverse fauna of terrestrial and freshwater vertebrates. Research on Siwalik fossils and sediments has addressed diverse subjects, but a recent focus has been on a fundamental problem in paleobiology: the relationship between biotic evolution and environmental change. This chapter begins with an overview of the distribution of Siwalik sediments on the Indian Subcontinent before describing the chronological framework constructed for the Siwalik formations on the Potwar Plateau as well as the methods of estimating the ages of the fossil localities. It then analyzes the temporal distribution of the fossil sites, their taphonomic characteristics, and the implications for biostratigraphy. Finally, it summarizes some of the important changes in the faunas as documented on the Potwar Plateau.

Keywords:   fauna, Neogene, Siwaliks, Potwar Plateau, Pakistan, fluvial sediments, fossils, biotic evolution, environmental change, biostratigraphy

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