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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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Indian Neogene Siwalik Mammalian Biostratigraphy

Indian Neogene Siwalik Mammalian Biostratigraphy

An Overview

Chapter:
(p.423) Chapter 17 Indian Neogene Siwalik Mammalian Biostratigraphy
Source:
Fossil Mammals of Asia
Author(s):

Rajeev Patnaik

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0017

This chapter provides an overview of Neogene Siwalik mammalian biostratigraphy in India. Siwalik freshwater deposits exposed all along the Himalayan foothills are noted for their great wealth of mammalian fossils. In recent years, extensive multidisciplinary studies, particularly in Pakistan, have resolved several issues concerning biotic changes in the Late Miocene and their relationship with fluvial dynamics and climatic trends. In order to elucidate the mammalian biostratigraphy of the Indian Siwaliks, this chapter integrates the available mammalian locality data to sections with independent dating using magnetostratigraphy and tephrochronology. A few other important sections that have not been geochronologically dated are placed in the temporal framework using mammal biochronology. This results in a revision of the first and last appearances of several Neogene Siwalik land mammals, including those of the Miocene apes. Two major faunal turnovers, one at the Late Miocene and the other at the Gauss-Matuyama boundary, coincide with global climate and local tectonic events.

Keywords:   fauna, Neogene, biostratigraphy, India, fossils, Late Miocene, Siwaliks, magnetostratigraphy, biochronology, land mammals

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