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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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Late Miocene Mammal Localities of Eastern Europe and Western Asia

Late Miocene Mammal Localities of Eastern Europe and Western Asia

Toward Biostratigraphic Synthesis

(p.521) Chapter 23 Late Miocene Mammal Localities of Eastern Europe and Western Asia
Fossil Mammals of Asia

Eleonora Vangengeim

Alexey S. Tesakov

Columbia University Press

This chapter describes the Late Miocene mammal localities of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, with particular emphasis on the biochronology of land mammals based on paleomagnetic data. Numerous localities of the “fauna of Hipparion” are known in the Northern Black Sea region (Ukraine, Moldova, Russia) and in the Transcaucasus (Georgia). They are associated with shallow marine deposits of the eastern Paratethys spanning the middle Sarmatian through Pontian regional stages, and with synchronous terrestrial formations. This chapter provides a synthesis of magnetostratigraphy-based correlations of large mammal localities from southern east Europe and the Transcaucasus with Neogene Mammal (MN) zones of central and western Europe, resulting in a correlation model of the studied mammal faunas of eastern Paratethys to MN zones of Western Europe and the characterization of Vallesian and Turolian faunas of Eastern Europe.

Keywords:   fauna, Late Miocene, Eastern Europe, Western Asia, biochronology, land mammals, Hipparion, Paratethys, magnetostratigraphy, Western Europe

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