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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM COLUMBIA SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.columbia.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Minnesota Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in CUPSO for personal use.date: 19 October 2019

Paleodietary Comparisons of Ungulates Between the Late Miocene of China, and Pikermi and Samos in Greece

Paleodietary Comparisons of Ungulates Between the Late Miocene of China, and Pikermi and Samos in Greece

Chapter:
(p.676) Chapter 31 Paleodietary Comparisons of Ungulates Between the Late Miocene of China, and Pikermi and Samos in Greece
Source:
Fossil Mammals of Asia
Author(s):

Nikos Solounias

Gina M. Semprebon

Matthew C. Mihlbachler

Florent Rivals

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0031

This chapter presents the results of a study which compares the paleodiets of ungulates between the late Miocene of China, and Pikermi and Samos in Greece. The paleobotanical record of the late Miocene indicates the persistence of forests and woodlands along with the spreading of grasslands. This means that habitats during this time interval formed a widespread grassland/savanna/woodland continuum over much of the northern continents. The ecological changes that occurred during the late Miocene and the complex ecological relationships that ungulates had with these evolving habitats, make the study of ungulate paleobiology both challenging and interesting. The present study used tooth mesowear analysis to compare the paleodietary patterns of the classic late Miocene faunas of Pikermi and Samos from Greece to those of China. Specifically, it analyzes similarity in mesowear and in hypsodonty between Pikermi, Samos, and late Miocene of China, which record key samples of species of the Pikermian Biome. It tests the integrity of the Pikermian Biome and how it compares to the African savanna.

Keywords:   paleodiet, ungulates, Miocene, China, Pikermi, Samos, Greece, habitats, paleobiology, Pikermian Biome

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