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Fossil Mammals of AsiaNeogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology$
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Mikael Fortelius, Xiaoming Wang, and Lawrence Flynn

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780231150125

Published to Columbia Scholarship Online: November 2015

DOI: 10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.001.0001

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Early Miocene Xiejiahe and Sihong Fossil Localities and Their Faunas, Eastern China

Early Miocene Xiejiahe and Sihong Fossil Localities and Their Faunas, Eastern China

Chapter:
(p.142) Chapter 4 Early Miocene Xiejiahe and Sihong Fossil Localities and Their Faunas, Eastern China
Source:
Fossil Mammals of Asia
Author(s):

Zhu-Ding Qiu

Zhan-Xiang Qiu

Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:10.7312/columbia/9780231150125.003.0004

This chapter analyzes the faunas found in early Miocene Xiejiahe and Sihong fossil localities in eastern China. Most of the fossil mammals from the Shanwang Basin and Sihong region appear in the early and middle Miocene of Europe, suggesting widespread mammalian dispersals between Europe and Asia during the early Neogene and providing a foundation for correlation between faunas of these two continents. After a brief overview of the localities, the chapter proposes a new name, Xiejiahe Fauna, for Shanwang Fauna in order to avoid confusion with the nomenclature of ages (stages) and to allow room for naming new faunas in surrounding regions. It also describes the biochronology of the Xiejiahe Fauna and Sihong Fauna. Within these two faunas, most of the families of small land mammals originated before the Miocene, but most of the genera appear only in the Miocene.

Keywords:   fauna, Miocene, Xiejiahe, Sihong, fossils, China, Xiejiahe Fauna, Shanwang Fauna, biochronology, land mammals

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